The term “community” denotes a group of people who have a common set of interests, a common set of characteristics, or who live in an identified neighborhood or location. A community may be involved in research at many levels from participation to consultation to design to review of research.
Community-engaged research is a framework or approach for conducting research, not a methodology in and of itself. It is characterized by the principles that guide the research and the relationships between the community and the academic researcher. Community-engaged research requires trust, partnership development, cooperation and negotiation, and commitment to addressing local issues of concern, most often health.
Community Research at USC
At USC, community based research is done at both the campuses though kinds of studies do differ. At the Health Sciences Campus, there will be studies that do biomedical interactions, interventions, and observational studies of health or behavioral factors. At University Park Campus there will be studies that work with local schools, mental health and social service providers as well as behavioral interventions (HIV, diabetes, obesity).
Highlights of USC Investigators Engaged in Community Researchers
- Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Ph.D., MPH, MA
Associate Professor, Preventive Medicine, Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, (IPR)
- Melvin F. Baron, PharmD
Associate Professor, Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Economics & Policy
- Ricky Bluthenthal, Ph.D.
Professor, Preventive Medicine
- Steve Lopez, PhD
Professor of Psychology and Social Work
- John S Brekke, PhD
Professor, Frances Larson Chair, School of Social Work
- Michele D. Kipke, PhD
Professor, Pediatrics and Preventative Medicine
- Katrina Kubicek, MA
Assistant Director, Community Engagement Program of the Southern California Clinical Translational Science Institute (CTSI)
Resources for Community Research
- Toolkit for Developing Community Partnerships
- Community Engaged Research Guide
- Frequently Asked Questions about Community-Engaged Research
- Community Engaged Research 101 (video)
- Community IRBS & Research Review Boards: Shaping the Future of Community-Engaged Research
- Community Engaged Research Continuum
- Principles of Community Engagement
- Principles of Community Engagement (Espanol)
- Community Participation in HIV Prevention Trials
- National Community Engagement Conference
- Community Engaged Research at Northwestern University (Video)
- Community Research Ethics Network
Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR)
Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR) is a collaborative research approach that is designed to ensure and establish participation by affected communities, representatives of local organizations, and researchers in all aspects of the research process.
- co-learning about issues of concern
- reciprocal transfer of expertise
- sharing of decision-making power
- mutual ownership of the products and processes of research
The end result is incorporating the knowledge gained to improve the health and well-being of the community.
This approach is useful to academic and public health professionals addressing health care disparities in a variety of populations (identified by factors such as social or economic status, lack of health insurance, or membership in various racial and ethnic groups).
The NIH supports the push towards CBPR through training workshops and increased funding opportunities. Click here for an NIH presentation on CBPR.